(Last Updated On: 03/06/2022)

The Fight Against Dowry System in India

The dowry system India long-standing issue continues affect lives women families. Tradition giving dowry resulted burdens exploitation, leading domestic violence death. There laws place combat harmful provide justice affected.

Legal Measures

In 1961, the Dowry Prohibition Act was enacted to prohibit the giving or receiving of dowry. Aimed eradicate practice prevent misuse. Despite this law, the dowry system continues to prevail in many parts of India.


According to the National Crime Records Bureau, there were 7,621 reported dowry deaths in India in 2016. Alarming figure prevalence issue urgent need stricter enforcement anti-dowry laws.

Case Studies

One prominent case brought attention severity dowry system 1986 case State UP v. Chandra. Supreme Court held demand dowry lead cruelty women violation fundamental rights. This landmark judgment set a precedent for future cases related to dowry demands.

Enforcement and Awareness

The government taken measures raise illegality dowry system provide support affected. Additionally, organizations and activists have been working tirelessly to empower women and dismantle the societal pressures that perpetuate the practice of dowry.

It evident fight dowry system India ongoing battle requires collective efforts government, system, society whole. Progress been made, still much work done ensure women protected harmful impacts dowry demands.


Source Description
National Crime Records Bureau Statistics on dowry deaths in India
Supreme Court India Landmark judgments related to dowry prohibition


Contract against Dowry System in India

This contract is entered into on this day [Date] by and between the Government of India (hereinafter referred to as “Government”), represented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, and the citizens of India (hereinafter referred to as “Citizens”).

Whereas, the Government is committed to eradicating the dowry system in India and ensuring the rights and dignity of women are protected, and whereas, the Citizens acknowledge the harmful effects of the dowry system and support the Government`s efforts to abolish it.

Article 1 – Definitions

1.1 “Dowry” means property valuable security given agreed given directly indirectly one party marriage other party marriage parents either party marriage any person, either party marriage any other person, before time marriage connection marriage said parties, but does include dower mehr case persons whom Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) applies.

1.2 “Bride” means any woman who is in a marriage relationship or is about to enter into a marriage relationship.

1.3 “Groom” means any man who is in a marriage relationship or is about to enter into a marriage relationship.

Article 2 – Prohibition Dowry

2.1 The Government hereby prohibits the giving, taking, and demanding of dowry, directly or indirectly, in connection with any marriage.

2.2 Any person found guilty of giving, taking, or demanding dowry shall be subject to the penalties prescribed under the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, and any other applicable laws.

Article 3 – Enforcement Penalties

3.1 The Government shall enforce this contract by implementing and overseeing the effective enforcement of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, and any other relevant laws.

3.2 Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of this contract shall be subject to legal action, including but not limited to fines, imprisonment, and other penalties as provided by law.

Article 4 – Amendment Termination

4.1 This contract may be amended or terminated by mutual agreement between the Government and the Citizens, provided that such amendments or terminations are in compliance with the laws of India.


Fighting Against Dowry: Your Legal Questions Answered

Question Answer
Is the practice of dowry illegal in India? Yes, the practice of giving or receiving dowry is illegal in India under the Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961.
What are the penalties for giving or taking dowry? The penalties for giving or taking dowry include imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 5 years, and with fine which shall not be less than fifteen thousand rupees.
Can a woman`s family be punished for not giving dowry? No, the law prohibits punishing a woman`s family for not giving dowry. Illegal demand dowry bride`s family.
Can a woman file a case against her husband and in-laws for demanding dowry? Yes, woman file case husband in-laws demanding dowry. The law provides protection to women against dowry harassment.
What evidence is needed to prove a dowry harassment case? Evidence such as emails, text messages, witness testimonies, and medical reports can be used to prove a dowry harassment case.
Can a groom`s family be held accountable for dowry demands? Yes, groom family held accountable dowry demands law.
What legal steps can be taken to stop dowry demands? Legal steps such as filing a complaint with the police, seeking a restraining order, and pursuing legal action against the perpetrators can be taken to stop dowry demands.
Can a woman seek divorce on the grounds of dowry harassment? Yes, a woman can seek divorce on the grounds of dowry harassment. The law recognizes dowry harassment as a valid reason for seeking divorce.
Are there any support services available for women facing dowry harassment? Yes, there are various support services available for women facing dowry harassment, including legal aid, counseling, and shelters for victims of domestic violence.
How can I help raise awareness about the illegality of dowry? You can help raise awareness about the illegality of dowry by educating others about the law, supporting organizations that work to combat dowry harassment, and advocating for gender equality and women`s rights.